首页 | 【重要提示】 | 期刊简介 | 编委会 | 在线投稿 | 期刊稿约 | 联系我们

田浩,王辉,丁文元.后路椎板减压病灶清除钛网植骨内固定术治疗胸椎结核[J].脊柱外科杂志,2018,16(4):222-226.
后路椎板减压病灶清除钛网植骨内固定术治疗胸椎结核     点此下载全文 (Fulltext)
田浩  王辉  丁文元
河北医科大学第三医院脊柱外科, 河北 050051
基金项目:
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-2957.2018.04.007
摘要点击次数: 56
全文下载次数: 36
摘要:
      目的 探讨后路椎板减压病灶清除钛网植骨内固定术治疗胸椎结核的安全性及有效性。方法 回顾性分析2013年10月-2015年7月采用后路椎板减压病灶清除钛网植骨内固定术治疗的28例胸椎结核患者资料。记录手术时间、术中出血量,比较术前、术后1周和末次随访时患者胸腰背部疼痛视觉模拟量表(VAS)评分、胸椎后凸Cobb角、脊柱矢状面偏移(SVA)、骨盆入射角(PI)、骨盆倾斜角(PT)、骶骨倾斜角(SS)、红细胞沉降率(ESR)、C反应蛋白(CRP),观察神经功能改善情况、植骨融合情况及并发症发生情况。结果 所有患者均得到随访,随访(20.3±4.4)个月,手术时间(194.1±27.3)min,术中出血量(921.4±199.3)mL。术后患者胸腰背部疼痛VAS评分、胸椎后凸Cobb角、SVA、PT、SS、ESR、CRP均较术前明显改善,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。术后大部分患者神经功能得到明显改善,植骨融合率达100%,所有患者均无结核复发、均未发生严重并发症。结论 后路椎板减压病灶清除钛网植骨内固定术治疗胸椎结核安全、有效。
关键词:胸椎  结核,脊柱  骨移植  清创术  脊柱融合术  内固定器
Posterior decompression, debridement, bone grafting and internal fixation for thoracic spinal tuberculosis    Fulltext
TIAN Hao  WANG Hui  DING Wen-yuan
Department of Spinal Surgery, Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050051, Hebei, China
Fund Project:
Abstract:
      Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of posterior decompression,debridement,bone grafting with titanium mesh and internal fixation in the treatment of thoracic spinal tuberculosis. Methods The clinical data of 28 patients with thoracic spinal tuberculosis treated by posterior decompression,debridement,bone grafting with titanium mesh and internal fixation between October 2013 and July 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The operation time and the blood loss during operation were recorded. The visual analogue scale(VAS) score of back pain,the Cobb's angle of thoracic kyphosis,the sagittal vertical axis of the spine(SVA),the pelvic incidence(PI),the pelvic tilt(PT),the sacral slope(SS),the level of erythrocyte sedimentation(ESR) and C-reactive protein(CRP) were compared between pre-operation and post-operation. The improvement of neurological function,bone graft fusion and complications were observed. Results All the patients were followed up. The follow-up period was (20.3±4.4)months,the operation time (194.1±27.3)min,and the blood loss (921.4±199.3)mL. There were significant improvements at post-operation in the VAS score of back pain,the Cobb's angle of thoracic kyphosis,SVA,PT,SS,the level of ESR and CRP(P<0.05). The postoperative nerve function was improved significantly,and the bone fusion rate reached 100%. All the patients had no serious complication and no recurrence of tuberculosis. Conclusion Posterior decompression,debridement,bone grafting with titanium mesh and internal fixation is a relatively safe and effective method for the treatment of thoracic tuberculosis.
Keywords:Thoracic vertebrae  Tuberculosis,spinal  Bone transplantation  Debridement  Spinal fusion  Internal fixators
HTML   在线阅读   查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器

您是第1337225位访问者

版权所有 © 脊柱外科杂志    沪ICP备07510177号-8

地址:上海市成都北路500号峻岭广场 电子信箱:spinejournal@163.com
邮政编码:200003 电话:021-33300675,021-63609919转8537或8855 传真:

本系统由北京勤云科技发展有限公司设计